ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN TRENDS OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Purpose of the paper is to analyze main trends of bioenergy development in the EU, identify successful examples and existing problems and also to suggest some recommendations on implementing the best European practices in Ukraine’s bioenergy sector. State of the art and prospects for the development of bioenergy in the EU-28 until 2030 are presented. It is shown that bioenergy is an important part of European Union’s energy sector and the biggest contributor to renewable energy production. The EU is getting on quite well with achieving its RES 2020 targets set by the Directive 2009/28/EС. By now at least ten counties have already attained their obligatory share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption. According to expert estimation, under further pursuing of the favourable policy, the present share of RES in EU’s energy consumption may double and reach about 34% in 2030. Main features of bioenergy part in different EU’s energy production and consumption sectors are analyzed. Traditionally, in the EU, biomass contributes mostly to heat production and its leading part among other RES in the sector is expected to remain beyond 2020. The situation in Ukraine is in line with this trend. The difference is that in the EU most part of heat is produced combined with power, and in Ukraine there are few biomass CHP plants. Besides, power production from biomass is behind other RES in Ukraine in contrast with the EU. Based on the main trends existing in the EU, one can recommend the priority development of biomass CHP to Ukraine and also some higher contribution of biomass to power production compared with other RES. In addition it is suggested that Ukraine should pay more attention to the production and consumption of second generation biofuels and implementation of sustainability criteria in the bioenergy sector.
2. Renewable Energy Prospects for the European Union. IRENA, 2018 https://www.irena.org/-/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2018/Feb/IRENA_REmap_EU_2018.pdf
3. Clean Energy for all Europeans. Communication from the Commission COM(2016) 860 final https://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:fa6ea15b-b7b0-11e6-9e3c-01aa75ed71a1.0001.02/DOC_1&format=PDF
4. Directive 2010/31/EU on energy performance of buildings https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32010L0031&from=EN
5. Commission welcomes final vote on energy performance of buildings. European Commission – Press release, 17.04.2018 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-3374_en.htm
6. European Bioenergy Outlook, AEBIOM Statistical Report, 2017 http://www.aebiom.org/statistical-report-2017/statistical-report-2017-17-10-17/
7. Enerhetychnyi balans Ukrainy za 2016 rik. Ekspres-vypusk Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy № 506/0/08.4vn-17 vid 20.12.2017 [Energy balance of Ukraine for 2016. Express-issue by State Statistics Service of Ukraine № 506/0/08.4vn-17 of 20.12.2017] (Ukr.)
8. Proekt Zakonu «Pro vnesennia zmin do deiakykh zakonodavchykh aktiv Ukrainy shchodo rozvytku sfery vyrobnytstva ridkoho palyva z biomasy ta vprovadzhennia kryteriiv stalosti ridkoho palyva z biomasy ta biohazu, pryznachenoho dlia vykorystannia v haluzi transportu» (№ 7348 vid 29.11.2017) [Draft Law «On Amendments to certain legislative acts of Ukraine on the development of the liquid fuels from biomass production and the implementation of sustainability criteria for liquid fuels from biomass and biogas intended for use in the transport sector»] (Ukr.) http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=62987
Abstract views: 139 PDF Downloads: 73
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
If the article is accepted for publication in the journal «Industrial Heat Engineering» the author must sign an agreementon transfer of copyright. The agreement is sent to the postal (original) or e-mail address (scanned copy) of the journal editions.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.