DETERMINATION OF LOAD DURATION CURVE (ROSSANDER GRAPH) FOR THE REGIONS OF UKRAINE
The purpose of this work is to determine the duration of the ambient air temperatures of different gradations during heating periods in different regions of Ukraine, based on the climatic data for 2005-2018 and the construction of load duration curves for the respective regions. The load duration curve (Rossander graph) is used to determine the number of maximum thermal load using hours, as well as in cases where the thermal load is provided by several sources - to determine their level of participation in the total annual heat energy production. It is important for a more accurate technical and economic evaluation of implementation results for some thermal energy sources. The climatic data of meteorological stations located in the regional centers of Ukraine and the capital of Autonomous Republic of Crimea, or as close as possible to them, were used for the study. The climatic data of heating periods from the autumn of 2005 to 2018 were considered. As the result of study, the duration of various degrees of ambient air temperature in the heating period was determined for all the regional centers of Ukraine. Taking into account the significant climatic differences in the regions of Ukraine, the results were analyzed separately for two groups of regions, for which, according to averaged data, load duration curves were determined. The examples of using of obtained results for calculations are given. On the basis of obtained data regarding duration of ambient temperatures higher than +8°C during the heating season, the energy saving potential of implementation of weather-dependent regulation of heat energy production for heating purposes in different regions was theoretically estimated, which is, on average, 8.4% for the first temperature zone (north, center) and 13% for the second zone (south).
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