ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF AGROBIOMASS BRIQUETTES IN UKRAINE. PART 1


  • G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vul. Zhelyabova, 2a, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vul. Zhelyabova, 2a, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
  • S.V. Drahniev Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vul. Zhelyabova, 2a, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
  • A.I. Bashtovyi Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vul. Zhelyabova, 2a, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
Keywords: renewable energy sources, bioenergy, biomass, biofuel, solid biofuel, briquettes, pellets

Abstract

The purpose of the work is to analyze existing preconditions, driving forces, and barriers for the widespread introduction of the production and use of fuel briquettes from biomass in Ukraine. The task of the work is to determine the advantages and prospects of the process, first of all, for domestic consumers, as well as to develop recommendations for creating a positive environment for the development of this segment of bioenergy in Ukraine. This part of the paper presents the current state of the market for solid biofuels in Ukraine. It is shown that in the biofuel market, the largest segment is solid biofuel in the form of firewood, wood chips, pellets and biomass briquettes, baled straw. Currently, a large amount of pellets and briquettes are exported from Ukraine to Europe due to the insufficient demand in the domestic market. The main features of the solid biofuels production in Ukraine are regional unevenness and relative non-uniformity of production as well as a large number of small-scale enterprises that work with traders. The advantages of the use of biomass briquettes as fuel were analyzed. The main advantages are the conformity of characteristics of briquettes with the requirements of boiler equipment for fuel, better ecological indicators in comparison with the burning of low-quality wood, no needs for specialized energy equipment in contrast with the use of pellets, availability of a significant amount of feedstock especially for briquettes from the biomass of agricultural origin. The current volume of the Ukrainian market for fuel briquettes from biomass for individual heating of the population can be estimated at the level of 500 th. t/year with its growth to over 3 million t/year until 2035. This part of the paper considers possible types of feedstock for the production of fuel briquettes and requirements for it. It is noted that the feedstock for the production of fuel briquettes can be soft and hard wood, straw, reed, sunflower husk, rice and buckwheat husk, flax sheave, and other vegetable residues. Typical requirements for the feedstock: water content – 6...12%, fraction composition – 2...10 mm.

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Published
2018-12-14
How to Cite
Geletukha, G., Zheliezna, T., Drahniev, S., & Bashtovyi, A. (2018). ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF AGROBIOMASS BRIQUETTES IN UKRAINE. PART 1. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 40(4), 62-68. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ihe.4.2018.09
Section
Fuel Utilization and Burning, Heat Power Units, Ecology