PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGENERATION IN UKRAINE


  • G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • A.I. Bashtovyi Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: cogeneration, high-efficiency cogeneration, combined heat and power production, heat power plant, heat, power

Abstract

The purpose of the work is to determine the preconditions and perspective lines for the development of high-efficiency cogeneration in Ukraine. The tasks of the work consist in a review of European experience in this area, an analysis of the relevant Ukrainian legislation, and the development of recommendations for its improvement. Methods of research include the study of literary, statistical and other data, analysis of regulatory acts. The results of the work show that Ukraine has good preconditions for the development of cogeneration technologies, which will reduce the consumption of fuel and energy resources due to more efficient production of heat and power compared to their separate production. The experience of EU countries on the development of cogeneration is considered, the existing mechanisms of support of this sector are analysed. The necessity to develop cogeneration on local fuels in Ukraine is substantiated. For Ukraine, local fuels are coal and biomass, of which the latter has advantages in terms of environmental performance (emissions of sulphur, nitrogen oxides, and greenhouse gases) and the availability of sufficient potential of local resources. Heat produced by a biomass CHP plant is cheaper than heat from gas, and the introduction of biomass CHP plants results in the reduction of natural gas consumption and contributes to the economic development of Ukraine’s regions. Construction of a biomass CHP plant has certain limitations, such as the density of settlement development, the problems of logistics, but in the absence of these restrictions, and with the positive results of the feasibility study, the implementation of projects of this type is expedient. The legal basis of cogeneration development in Ukraine is analysed, the need for its improvement is shown. Recommendations for the improvement of an existing draft law on the development of high efficiency cogeneration in Ukraine have been developed.

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Abstract views: 31
PDF Downloads: 28
Published
2018-09-11
How to Cite
Geletukha, G., Zheliezna, T., & Bashtovyi, A. (2018). PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGENERATION IN UKRAINE. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 41(1), 59-66. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.1.2019.8
Section
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

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