ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF AGROBIOMASS BRIQUETTES IN UKRAINE. PART 2


  • G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • S.V. Drahniev Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • A.I. Bashtovyi Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: alternative fuel types, bioenergy, biomass, biofuel, solid biofuel, briquettes, pellets

Abstract

The purpose of the work is to analyze existing preconditions, driving forces, and barriers for the widespread introduction of the production and use of fuel briquettes from biomass in Ukraine. The task of the work is to determine the advantages and prospects of the process, first of all, for domestic consumers, as well as to develop recommendations for creating a positive environment for the development of this segment of bioenergy in Ukraine. In this part of the paper, the main types of briquettes from biomass and their fuel characteristics are considered. It is shown that density is the main factor determining the mechanical strength and water resistance of the briquettes. Usually, it is 0.8...1.2 t/m3 with a water content of pressed biomass of 8...14%. The calorific value of the briquettes depends on the type of the initial feedstock and on the moisture content. The typical range ​​of the lower calorific value of briquettes from biomass is 16...17 MJ/kg. The legislative aspects of the production of briquettes from biomass, issues of standardization and certification of the products are analyzed. The legislative basis for the production of fuel briquettes from biomass can be found, mainly, in the Laws of Ukraine “On Alternative Fuels” and “On Licensing Types of Economic Activities”. It was determined that one of the constraining factors for the development of this segment of bioenergy is the lack of a sufficient number of relevant state standards and the reliable certification system. Solutions to these issues will help to improve the quality of briquettes from biomass and, accordingly, improve their fuel characteristics. It is also recommended that experts should develop standard feasibility studies and business plans for the production of fuel briquettes from biomass to demonstrate the economic attractiveness of this type of activity and its practical implementation. Particular emphasis should be put on the use of biomass of agricultural origin as feedstock for the production of briquettes. It is expected that the introduction of the biofuel electronic trading systems in Ukraine, which is already under development, will have a positive impact on the development of production and consumption of briquettes from biomass.

References

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PDF Downloads: 28
Published
2018-08-28
How to Cite
Geletukha, G., Zheliezna, T., Drahniev, S., & Bashtovyi, A. (2018). ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF AGROBIOMASS BRIQUETTES IN UKRAINE. PART 2. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 41(1), 67-73. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.1.2019.9
Section
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

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