ANALYSIS OF BARRIERS TO THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY FROM AGROBIOMASS IN UKRAINE. PART 2


  • G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • S.V. Drahniev Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • A.I. Bashtovyi Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: bioenergy, biomass, biofuel, agribiomass, straw, crop residues, by-products of crop production.

Abstract

The aim of the work is to identify and analyze barriers to the production of energy from agribiomass in Ukraine. For better analyzing, the barriers are grouped according to different categories. The task of the work is to develop recommendations to overcome the identified and described barriers. In this part of the article, organizational, legislative, economic and environmental barriers to the use of biomass of agrarian origin for energy in Ukraine are considered. It is shown that applying a balanced and rational approach, it is possible to use part of the residues and by-products of crop production for energy. To reduce the negative impact on the soil, it is necessary to return ash from the burning of agribiomass to the fields, as well as introduce a sufficient amount of organic and mineral fertilizers. In order to stop the practice of unauthorized burning of crop remains in fields, it is recommended to create conditions under which harvesting and sale of biomass for energy will be economically attractive. One of such measures could be the introduction of biofuel electronic trade system in Ukraine. The draft law required for the establishment and operation of such a system was prepared in 2018 with the participation of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. It is also necessary to develop a strategy for the use of biomass of agricultural origin for energy and include it in one of the existing national documents or to approve it as a separate document. Another option is to elaborate a strategy for bioenergy development in Ukraine with a separate section on agribiomass. Dedicated ministries should explicitly state in their official documents their views on the possibility and optimal volumes of the use of agribiomass for energy production. This can be done, for example, by developing "Recommendations regarding possible volumes of crop production by-products to be used for energy in Ukraine".

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Abstract views: 7
PDF Downloads: 5
Published
2019-12-24
How to Cite
Geletukha, G., Zheliezna, T., Drahniev, S., & Bashtovyi, A. (2019). ANALYSIS OF BARRIERS TO THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY FROM AGROBIOMASS IN UKRAINE. PART 2. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 41(4), 44-50. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.4.2019.6
Section
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

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