ANALYSIS OF PELLETS AND BRIQUETTES PRODUCTION FROM CORN RESIDUES IN UKRAINE


  • G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: 1. L. Kocsis, Z. Hudoba and T. Vojtela. Investigation of the corn stalk gathering for energetic use. Energy, biomass and biological residues. International Conference of Agricultural Engineering - CIGR-AgEng 2012: Agriculture and Engineering for a Healthier Life, Valencia, Spain, 8-12 July 2012 2012 pp.C-1151. https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/35926184/investigation-of-the-maize-stalk-gathering-for-energetic-use 2. Аналітична записка Біоенергетичної асоціації України №7 «Перспективи використання відходів сільського господарства для виробництва енергії в Україні», 2014. https://uabio.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/position-paper-uabio-7-ua.pdf 3. Аналітична записка Біоенергетичної асоціації України №23 «Аналіз виробництва пелет та брикетів з побічної продукції кукурудзи на зерно», 2020. https://uabio.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/position-paper-uabio-23-ua.pdf 4. Brittany Schon, Matt Darr. Corn Stover Ash, 2014. https://store.extension.iastate.edu/Product/Corn-Stover-Ash 5. Phyllis Database for the physico-chemical composition of (treated) lignocellulosic biomass, micro- and macroalgae, various feedstocks for biogas production and biochar https://phyllis.nl/ 6. Гелетуха Г.Г., Железная Т.А., Трибой А.В. Перспективы использования отходов сельского хозяйства для производства энергии в Украине. Часть 2 // Промышленная теплотехника. – 2014, т. 36, № 5, с.73-80. 7. Інтенсифікація технологій вирощування кукурудзи на зерно – гарантія стабілізації урожайності на рівні 90-100 ц/га (практичні рекомендації) / Черенков А.В., Циков В.С., Дзюбецький Б.В., Шевченко М.С. та ін. // Дніпропетровськ: ДУ Інститут сільського господарства степової зони НААН України, 2012. – 31 с. 8. M. Fleschhut, K-J. Hulsbergen, S. Thurner, J. Eder Analysis of different corn stover harvest systems // LANDTECHNIK, 71 (6), 2016. – рр. 252-270. 9. Гелетуха Г.Г., Желєзна Т.А., Драгнєв С.В., Баштовий А.І. Аналіз можливостей виробництва і споживання паливних брикетів з біомаси сільськогосподарського походження в Україні. Частина 2 // Теплофізика та теплоенергетика. – 2019, т. 41, № 1. – С. 67-73. 10. ISO 17225-6:2014 Solid biofuels – Fuel specifications and classes – Part 6: Graded non-woody pellets.

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to analyze the technical and economic basis for the development of the production of pellets and briquettes from by-products of grain corn in Ukraine. The objective of the work is to determine conditions that ensure feasibility of projects of this type in Ukraine. Results of estimation of energy potential of by-products of corn grain in Ukraine are presented. The country has a large potential for this type of biomass available for biofuels and energy production. Current trends in agricultural development indicate that this potential may even increase in the future. For Ukraine’s conditions, it is recommended to harvest by-products of grain corn in the form of rectangular bales with the use of a three-pass harvesting system. Fuel characteristics of corn stover are considered. In general, biomass of this type has fairly good fuel properties close to those of wood fuels. Due to this, biofuels made from corn stover can be burned in boiler equipment intended for wood biomass. The effective use of grain corn by-products is the production of briquettes and pellets. Under current conditions, a simple payback period for such business projects can be up to 4…5 years with the internal return rate of more than 22%. The biggest impact on the main economic indicators of the projects is made by the sale price of solid biofuels, the productivity of the equipment, as well as the price of raw material.

References

1. L. Kocsis, Z. Hudoba and T. Vojtela. Investigation of the corn stalk gathering for energetic use. Energy, biomass and biological residues. International Conference of Agricultural Engineering - CIGR-AgEng 2012: Agriculture and Engineering for a Healthier Life, Valencia, Spain, 8-12 July 2012 2012 pp.C-1151.
https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/35926184/investigation-of-the-maize-stalk-gathering-for-energetic-use
2. Analitychna zapyska Bioenerhetychnoi asotsiatsii Ukrainy №7. Perspektyvy vykorystannia vidkhodiv silskoho hospodarstva dlia vyrobnytstva enerhii v Ukraini [Prospects for the use of agricultural residues for energy production in Ukraine. Position Paper No. 7 by the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine], 2014
https://uabio.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/position-paper-uabio-7-en.pdf
3. Analitychna zapyska Bioenerhetychnoi asotsiatsii Ukrainy №23 «Analiz vyrobnytstva pelet ta bryketiv z pobichnoi produktsii kukurudzy na zerno» [Analysis of pellets and briquettes production from corn residues. Position Paper No. 23 by the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine], 2020.
https://uabio.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/position-paper-uabio-23-en.pdf
4. Brittany Schon, Matt Darr. Corn Stover Ash, 2014.
https://store.extension.iastate.edu/Product/Corn-Stover-Ash
5. Phyllis Database for the physico-chemical composition of (treated) lignocellulosic biomass, micro- and macroalgae, various feedstocks for biogas production and biochar https://phyllis.nl/
6. Geletuha G.G., Zheleznaya T.A., Triboy A.V. Perspektivyi ispolzovaniya othodov selskogo hozyaystva dlya proizvodstva energii v Ukraine. Chast 2 [Prospects for the use of agricultural residues for energy production in Ukraine. Part 2] // Promyishlennaya teplotehnika [Industrial Heat Engineering], 2014, V. 36, № 5. P. 73-80. (Rus.)
7. Cherenkov A.V. et al. Intensyfikatsiia tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia kukurudzy na zerno – harantiia stabilizatsii urozhainosti na rivni 90-100 ts/ha (praktychni rekomendatsii) [Intensification of grain maize production technologies is a guarantee of a yield stabilization at the level of 90-100 centners per hectare (practical recommendations)]. Dnipropetrovsk, State Enterprise “Institute of Cereals of the National Academy of Agrarian Scienses of Ukraine”, 2012. – 31 p. (Ukr.)
8. M. Fleschhut, K-J. Hulsbergen, S. Thurner, J. Eder Analysis of different corn stover harvest systems // LANDTECHNIK, 71 (6), 2016. – рр. 252-270.
9. Geletukha G.G., Zheliezna T.A., Drahniev S.V., Bashtovyi A.I. Analiz mozhlyvostei vyrobnytstva i spozhyvannia palyvnykh bryketiv z biomasy silskohospodarskoho pokhodzhennia v Ukraini. Chastyna 2 [Analysis of possibilities for the production and consumption of agrobiomass briquettes in Ukraine. Part 2], Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering. – 2019, V. 41, № 1. – P. 67-73. (Ukr.)
10. ISO 17225-6:2014 Solid biofuels – Fuel specifications and classes – Part 6: Graded non-woody pellets.

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PDF Downloads: 109
Published
2020-04-25
How to Cite
Geletukha, G. (2020). ANALYSIS OF PELLETS AND BRIQUETTES PRODUCTION FROM CORN RESIDUES IN UKRAINE. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 42(2), 83-91. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.2.2020.9
Section
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

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