ANALYSIS OF WAYS FOR ACHIEVING 100% RENEWABLE ENERGY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD (REVIEW)
The aim of the work is to analyze targets on the transition to 100% renewable energy sources (RES) existing in different countries of the world as well as strategies for their achievement. The task of the work is to identify the most promising directions and develop appropriate recommendations for Ukraine. The global trend is setting targets for the transition to 100% RES, at least in some energy sectors, developing appropriate strategies and their implementation. Over the last decade, the cost of renewable energy has been steadily declining, making RES more competitive with fossil fuels in many parts of the world. Today, more than 50 countries, hundreds of cities and regions in one form or another have committed to switching to 100% RES. Most often it is about achieving 100% of renewable electricity. So far, at least 52 cities and regions have achieved their targets for the transition to 100% RES. Of these, 41 are located in Europe and 9 are located in the United States. About 2/3 of these targets relate only to renewable electricity. In Ukraine, the official targets for the development of RES are set out in the National Renewable Energy Action Plan until 2020 and in the Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2035. Recently, a draft Concept of the “green” energy transition of Ukraine until 2050 was developed, which sets the goal of achieving a climate-neutral economy by 2070. One of the main directions of decarbonization of the economy is the development of RES in combination with increasing energy efficiency and energy saving. It is necessary to resume completing the document with the inclusion of reasonable long-term goals to achieve 100% RES in certain energy sectors and in the whole energy balance of Ukraine.
2. Global Warming of 1.5°C: An IPCC Special Report (SR1.5), IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 2018 www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/
3. Kontseptsiia «zelenoho» enerhetychnoho perekhodu Ukrainy do 2050 roku, Minekoenerho [The Concept of Green Energy Transition of Ukraine until 2050, Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection of Ukraine], 2020 (Ukr.)
4. RE100 Overview. The world’s most influential companies, committed to 100% renewable power.
5. Towards 100% renewable energy: status, trends and lessons learned. IRENA Coalition for Action, 2019
6. Go 100% Renewable Energy project
7. S. Åkerfeldt. The benefits of a carbon tax – Swedish experiences and a focus on developing countries. Domestic Resource Mobilization and Tax Base Protection, UN Workshop on Practical Issues in Protecting the Tax Base of Developing Countries, 10 November 2017, Addis Ababa.
8. The Norwegian-Swedish Electricity Certificate Market – Annual Report 2017, Swedish Energy Agency, 2017
9. Rozporiadzhennia KMU vid 01.10.2014 № 902-р «Pro Natsionalnyi plan dii z vidnovliuvanoi enerhetyky na period do 2020 roku» [Executive Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine № 902-р of 01.10.2014 “On the National Renewable Energy Action Plan until 2020”] (Ukr.)
10. Rozporiadzhennia KMU vid 18.08.2017 № 605-r “Pro skhvalennia Enerhetychnoi stratehii Ukrainy na period do 2035 roku “Bezpeka, enerhoefektyvnist, konkurentospromozhnist”) [Executive Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 605-r of 18.08.2017 “On approval of Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2035 “Safety, energy efficiency, competitiveness”] (Ukr.).
11. Proekt Zakonu pro vnesennia zmin do deiakykh zakonodavchykh aktiv Ukrainy shchodo oboviazkovosti vykorystannia ridkoho biopalyva (biokomponentiv) u haluzi transportu (№ 3356 vid 17.04.2020) [Draft Law On Amendments to certain legislative acts of Ukraine regarding mandatory use of liquid biofuel (bio-components) in the transportation industry (№ 3356 of 17.04.2020)] (Ukr.)
12. O Dombrovskyi, G. Geletukha. Ukraini potribna nova “zelena” enerhetychna stratehiia [Ukraine needs the new “green” energy strategy] // Ekonomichna pravda [Economic Truth], 2020. (Ukr.)
Abstract views: 105 PDF Downloads: 106
If the article is accepted for publication in the journal «Industrial Heat Engineering» the author must sign an agreementon transfer of copyright. The agreement is sent to the postal (original) or e-mail address (scanned copy) of the journal editions.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.