• T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • A.I. Bashtovyi Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: decarbonization, heat supply, heat supply system, district heating, renewable energy sources, biomass, biofuel.


The aim of the work is to analyze possible ways of decarbonization of the EU heat supply sector. The task of the work is to identify the most promising areas and develop appropriate recommendations for Ukraine. The heat supply sector of the EU and Ukraine needs decarbonization, for which there is a big potential and different areas of implementation of relevant measures. In Europe, such a strategy is set out in the Roadmap for decarbonization of the EU heating sector until 2050, the main provisions of which are in line with objectives of the European Green Deal and the EU Strategy on Heating and Cooling. European experts have developed the concept of a smart energy system, which was taken into account when preparing the Roadmap for decarbonization of the EU heating sector until 2050. A number of carried out studies have shown that a smart energy system with 50% district heating integrated with other parts of the overall energy system is more efficient than a conventional energy system or the one based on decentralized heat supply, in terms of the possibility of using a high share of renewable energy. It is recommended for Ukraine to finalize the Concept of green energy transition until 2050, taking into account European approaches to the development of heating systems and the use of modern biofuels. It is also recommended to expand the current Concept of heat supply of Ukraine to the level of a strategy with an emphasis on the development of district heating systems, wide involvement of renewable energy sources and new technologies.


1. European Green Deal. Striving to be the first climate-neutral continent
2. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law)
3. Financing the green transition: The European Green Deal Investment Plan and Just Transition Mechanism
4. T. Fleiter, R. Elsland, M. Rehfeldt et al. Profile of heating and cooling demand in 2015. Heat Roadmap Europe project, Deliverable 3.1, 2017
5. S. Paardekooper, R.S. Lund, B.V. Mathiesen et al. Quantifying the Impact of Low-carbon Heating and Cooling Roadmaps. Heat Roadmap Europe project, Deliverable 6.4, 2018
6. H. Lund. Renewable Energy Systems: A Smart Energy Systems Approach to the Choice and Modeling of 100% Renewable Solutions, vol. 2. Burlington, USA: Academic Press, 2014
7. D. Connolly, K. Hansen, D. Drysdale et al. Enhanced Heating and Cooling Plans to Quantify the Impact of Increased Energy Efficiency in EU Member States. Stratego project, WP 2 Main Report, 2016
8. Pan-European Thermal Atlas 4.3
9. B.V. Mathiesen, N. Bertelsen, N. Schneider et al. Towards a decarbonised heating and cooling sector in Europe, 2019
10. An EU Strategy on Heating and Cooling. Brussels, 16.2.2016 COM(2016) 51 final
11. Directive (EU) 2018/2002 of 11.12.2018 amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency
12. M. Galindo Fernández et al. Efficient district heating and cooling systems in the EU – Case studies analysis, replicable key success factors and potential policy implications, 2016
13. J.E. Thorsen et al. Progression of District Heating – 1st to 4th generation, 2018
14. Kontseptsiia «zelenoho» enerhetychnoho perekhodu Ukrainy do 2050 roku, Minekoenerho [The Concept of Green Energy Transition of Ukraine until 2050, Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection of Ukraine], 2020 (Ukr.)
15. Kontseptsiia realizatsii derzhavnoi polityky u sferi teplopostachannia. Skhvaleno rozporiadzhenniam KMU № 569-r vid 18.08.2017 [The concept of the realization of the state policy in the field of heat supply. Approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Executive Order No. 569-r of 18.08.2017] (Ukr.)

Abstract views: 84
PDF Downloads: 134
How to Cite
Zheliezna, T., & Bashtovyi, A. (2020). ANALYSIS OF WAYS FOR DECARBONIZATION OF THE EU HEATING SECTOR (REVIEW). Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 42(4), 93-101.
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>