OVERVIEW OF CURRENT DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCH BY THE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY IN THE BIOENERGY SECTOR
The aim of the work is to identify promising areas of research in bioenergy to expand potential types of technologies and sectors for the implementation of bioenergy projects in Ukraine. Current research topics of the Bioenergy Program of the International Energy Agency are analyzed, and some of the obtained results are considered. Special attention in the studies within the Program is paid to the issues of sustainable development, decarbonization of energy, and circular economy. The results of almost all the studies are important and relevant for Ukraine. They show promising areas for further research and development, as well as help to identify new types of potential bioenergy projects. At present, Ukraine has already implemented a large number of bioenergy projects in the industry at enterprises that have biomass raw materials as a by-product of the main production. Examples of such enterprises are oil extraction plants, sugar factories, woodworking enterprises. But there are many companies not provided with their own biomass that would like to reduce their carbon footprint by switching to renewable energy. Technical and organizational solutions for mobilizing biomass for energy studied within the IEA Bioenergy’s inter-task project “Bioenergy for high temperature heat in industry” may be very useful to these enterprises.
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