PROSPECTS FOR DECARBONIZATION OF DISTRICT HEATING IN UKRAINE
The purpose of the work is to determine promising areas for decarbonization of district heating in Ukraine, as well as measures necessary for their practical implementation. State of the development of bioenergy in the world and in the EU is presented, and considerable contribution of bioenergy to the production of renewable heat is emphasized. In Ukraine, the existing problems of long-term planning at the state and regional levels in the heat supply sector need to be addressed. Recommendations for solving these problems have been developed. One of them is the elaboration of the Heat Supply Strategy until 2035, built on the principle of the Energy Strategy of Ukraine, as well as the Action Plan for its implementation. It is recommended to introduce the term “efficient district heating” in the legislation of Ukraine, which corresponds to Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency, and to declare the purpose of increasing the share of such systems in district heating. The role of bioenergy in the process of decarbonization of district heating of Ukraine is analyzed. It is shown that one of the ways that can significantly improve the situation in heat supply is the wide involvement of biomass and solid biofuels in this sector. For the effective implementation of this task it is necessary to launch an electronic trade system for solid biofuels (biofuel exchange), introduce competition in district heating systems, as well as perform a set of additional actions and measures. This will allow not only to stabilize the situation with heat supply in Ukraine, but also to reduce the heat tariff for end users by 15-20%.
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