ROLE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GLOBAL SCENARIO TO ACHIEVE ZERO GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY 2050


  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: decarbonization, greenhouse gases, climate neutrality, renewable energy, renewable energy sources, low-carbon fuels.

Abstract

The aim of the work is to develop recommendations for Ukraine to meet the goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2060. The global scenario of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 developed by the International Energy Agency is presented; the role of renewable energy sources in the implementation of the scenario is considered. According to this scenario, two thirds of the world’s total primary energy supply in 2050 will be provided by wind, solar, biomass, geothermal and hydropower. Electricity will account for almost half of the total energy consumption in 2050, play a key role in all sectors, and make a significant contribution to the production of low-carbon fuels, including hydrogen. At the same time, about 90% of electricity in 2050 will come from renewable energy sources. Recommendations have been developed for Ukraine on the development of the use of renewable energy sources and the fulfillment of the goal to achieve climate neutrality by 2060. In particular, it is recommended to approve as soon as possible an Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for 2021-2030, which is in line with European approaches to an interrelated view of energy and climate. It is also recommended to fully implement the tasks related to the implementation of strategic goals in the energy sector defined in the National Economic Strategy until 2030. Such actions guarantee effective decarbonization of Ukraine’s energy sector and make a significant contribution to achieving climate neutrality by 2060.

References

1. Net Zero by 2050. A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector. International Energy Agency, 2021.
https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/deebef5d-0c34-4539-9d0c-10b13d840027/NetZeroby2050-ARoadmapfortheGlobalEnergySector_CORR.pdf
2. Net Zero Barometer. How are UK businesses managing the transition to net zero? British Standards Institution, 2021. https://www.bsigroup.com/globalassets/global/bsol/bsi-net-zero-barometer-report.pdf
3. The Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution. HM Government, 2020.
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/936567/10_POINT_PLAN_BOOKLET.pdf
4. Government Report on Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan for 2030. Finland’s Ministry of the Environment, 2017.
https://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/80769/YMre_21en_2017.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
5. Florian Zandt: The Road to Net Zero, Statista, 2021.
https://www.statista.com/chart/26053/countries-with-laws-policy-documents-or-timed-pledges-for-carbon-neutrality/
6. Marco Siddi. The European Green Deal: Assessing its current state and future implementation. FIIA Working paper N114, 2020.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/341701815_The_European_Green_Deal_Assessing_its_current_state_and_future_implementation
7. Zheliezna T. Yevropeiskyi «zelenyi» kurs i novi mozhlyvosti dlia rozvytku vidnovliuvanoi enerhetyky [European Green Deal and new opportunities for the development of renewable energy]. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering. – Vol. 43, No. 1 (2021). – P. 75-81. (Ukr.)
https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.1.2021.9
8. Zakon Ukrainy «Pro ratyfikatsiiu Paryzkoi uhody» (№ 1469-VIII vid 14.07.2016) [Law of Ukraine «On the ratification of the Paris Agreement» No. 1469-VIII of 14.07.20016] (Ukr.)
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1469-19#Text
9. Rozporiadzhennia KMU «Pro skhvalennia Onovlenoho natsionalno vyznachenoho vnesku Ukrainy do Paryzkoi uhody» № 868-r vid 30.07.2021 [Executive Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine «On approval of the Updated national contribution of Ukraine to the Paris Agreement» No. 868-p of 30.07.2021] (Ukr.)
https://www.kmu.gov.ua/npas/pro-shvalennya-onovlenogo-nacionalno-viznachenogo-vnesku-ukrayini-do-parizkoyi-t300721
10. Analitychnyi ohliad Onovlenoho natsionalno vyznachenoho vnesku Ukrainy do Paryzkoi uhody. Ministerstvo zakhystu dovkillia ta pryrodnykh resursiv Ukrainy [Analytical review of the Updated nationally determined contribution of Ukraine to the Paris agreement], July, 2021.
https://mepr.gov.ua/files/images/2021/29042021/Analytical%20Report_%20Project_EN.PDF
11. Postanova KMU «Pro zatverdzhennia Natsionalnoi ekonomichnoi stratehii na period do 2030 roku» № 179 vid 03.03.2021 [Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine «On approval of the National Economic Strategy for the period up to 2030» No. 179 of 03.03.2021] (Ukr.)
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/179-2021-%D0%BF#n25
12. Rozporiadzhennia KMU «Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii realizatsii derzhavnoi polityky u sferi zminy klimatu na period do 2030 roku» № 932-r vid 07.12.2016 [Executive Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine «On Approval of the Concept of Implementation of the State Policy in the Field of Climate Change for the Period until 2030» No. 932-p of 07.12.2016] (Ukr.).
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/932-2016-%D1%80#n8
13. Rozporiadzhennia KMU «Pro zatverdzhennia planu zakhodiv shchodo vykonannia Kontseptsii realizatsii derzhavnoi polityky u sferi zminy klimatu na period do 2030 roku» № 878-r vid 06.12.2017 [Executive Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine «On Approval of the Action Plan of the Concept of Implementation of the State Policy in the Field of Climate Change for the Period until 2030» No. 878-p of 06.12.2017] (Ukr.)
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/main/878-2017-%D1%80#Text

Abstract views: 25
PDF Downloads: 15
Published
2022-05-12
How to Cite
Zheliezna, T. (2022). ROLE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GLOBAL SCENARIO TO ACHIEVE ZERO GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY 2050. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 44(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.1.2022.8
Section
District and Industrial Heat Power, Renewable Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>