• G.G. Geletukha Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • T.A. Zheliezna Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • S.V. Drahniev Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • O.I. Haidai Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: renewable energy, renewable energy sources, decarbonization, bioenergy, biomass, energy efficiency.


The aim of the work is to analyse the experience of EU countries in reducing the consumption of natural gas and other fossil fuels, the development of renewable energy sources and improving energy efficiency in order to determine the most effective measures for their implementation in Ukraine. In the last months before the start of Russia's war against Ukraine, there was a significant increase and fluctuations in natural gas prices in Europe. After a period of some stabilization, there was a sharp surge in prices with a peak of up to 2300 EUR/1000 m3 in the first half of March 2022 (TTF gas hub data). By mid-April 2022, the gas price dropped to 1000…1100 EUR/1000 m3, however there is no objective reason for its further reduction. The urgent task for the European Union and for Ukraine is to completely reject Russian natural gas. It is likely that even after switching to other potential suppliers (such as Qatar or the United States for exporting liquefied natural gas), the prices will not fall due to reduced supply of Russian gas in the market and increased competition for this energy source. Among the priority measures to replace Russian natural gas, most experts name the large-scale development of renewable energy sources and the implementation of energy efficiency measures. It is important to note that biomethane and all types of solid biomass are becoming fully competitive with natural gas at the current prices from an economic point of view. For many years, the European Union has been pursuing a comprehensive and consistent policy of reducing fossil fuel consumption, developing renewable energy and improving energy efficiency. Currently, the EU countries are making significant efforts to ensure the overall decarbonisation of the economy, a significant part of which is the decarbonisation of energy. Perspective areas include the introduction of production and consumption of biomethane, renewable hydrogen, and second-generation biofuels, as well as electrification of transport and industry.


1. Georgii Geletukha. Prospects of Biomethane Development in Ukraine. Presentation at the webinar “Biomethane: transfer of technologies, policies and best practices from European experience”, 10.11.2021.
2. Georgii Geletukha. Stan ta perspekyivy rozvytku bioenergetyky v Ukrayini. [The state and prospects of bioenergy development in Ukraine.]. Presentation at the international conference "Bioenergy in the Agrocomplex: current technologies in modern realities, practical cases", Kyiv, 27.10.2021. (Ukr.) https://uabio.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/1_Geletuha-27-zhovtnya-2021-r.pdf
3. A 10-Point Plan to Reduce the European Union’s Reliance on Russian Natural Gas. IEA, 03.03.2022. https://bit.ly/38LZhQ0
4. Zheliezna T.A. Yevropeiskyi «zelenyi» kurs i novi mozhlyvosti dlia rozvytku vidnovliuvanoi enerhetyky [European Green Deal and new opportunities for the development of renewable energy]. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering. – Vol. 43, No. 1 (2021). – P. 75-81. (Ukr.) https://doi.org/10.31472/ttpe.1.2021.9
5. REPowerEU: Joint European action for more affordable, secure and sustainable energy. European Commission, March 2022. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/fs_22_1513
6. Renewable energy statistics. Eurostat, January 2022. https://bit.ly/3ElXqx6
7. Implementation of bioenergy in Sweden – 2021 update. Country Reports, IEA Bioenergy, 2021.
8. Energy Policies of IEA Countries – Sweden 2019 Review. IEA, 2019. https://bit.ly/3JRkULw
9. Denmark. Key energy statistics. IEA, 2020. https://www.iea.org/countries/denmark
10. Implementation of bioenergy in Denmark – 2021 update. Country Reports, IEA Bioenergy, 2021.
11. Lithuania 2021. Energy Policy Review. IEA, 2021. https://bit.ly/38QpOvz
12. Lithuania. Key energy statistics. IEA, 2019. https://www.iea.org/countries/Lithuania
13. Austria. Key energy statistics. IEA, 2020. https://www.iea.org/countries/Austria
14. Austria 2020. Energy Policy Review. IEA, 2020. https://bit.ly/3K2M6aB
15. Legal Sources on Renewable Energy. Austria: Overall Summary.

Abstract views: 16
PDF Downloads: 17
How to Cite
Geletukha, G., Zheliezna, T., Drahniev, S., & Haidai, O. (2022). EXPERIENCE OF EU COUNTRIES IN DEVELOPING RENEWABLE ENERGY AND REDUCING NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION. Thermophysics and Thermal Power Engineering, 45(2), 47-53. Retrieved from http://ihe.nas.gov.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/490

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>